This page groups all of the game's ships, be they warships or civilian vessels.
“Longships are galley-like warships available to Scotland, Denmark, and now Friesland. They have...Longship
“The Galley is a warship available to all civs (except for Denmark, Friesland, and Scotland...Galley
“The Galleass is a warship unique to Genoa. The upgrade of the Galley, it has increased attack...Galleass
“The Carrack (or for some civs the Privateer) is, like the Cannon Galleon, a vessel equipped with...Carrack / Privateer