The Ghibellini assist the Imperial faction in the civil war against the pro-papal Guelfi with their knightly class and especially their tough spearmen. This is a policy decision for Genoa, granting their otherwise weak spearmen +15 HP and allowing the Genoese to hire Condotierri.
Available to: Genoa
Researched at: Town Hall
The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor in central and northern Italy. During the 12th and 13th centuries, the split between these two parties was a particularly important aspect of the internal policy of the Italian city-states. The struggle for power between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire had arisen with the Investiture Conflict which began in 1075 and ended with the Concordat of Worms in 1122, but the division between Guelphs and Ghibellines in Italy persisted to the 15th century.